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Andhra Pradesh
Judicial (Junior Division) Service

Latest Notification

Eligibility and Age

Eligibility(Direct Recruitment)

Based on the provided qualifications for the Andhra Pradesh State Judicial (Service & Cadre) Rules, 2007, there are two pathways for applicants interested in these judicial positions: Direct Recruitment and Recruitment by Transfer. Here's a breakdown of the qualifications required for Direct Recruitment:
 

  1. Applicants to possess a Bachelor's Degree in Law.

  2. The Law degree must be awarded by any university that is established by law in India,

Additional Ineligibility

 

  1. Non-Citizenship: The candidate must be a citizen of India. Non-citizens are ineligible to apply.

  2. Character and Fitness: Applicants must have a good character and be free from any infirmity that would render them unfit for the appointment. 

  3. Previous Dismissal: Candidates who have been dismissed from service by any High Court, Government, or any statutory or local authority are disqualified.

  4. Criminal Convictions: Being convicted of an offence involving moral turpitude disqualifies a candidate. 

  5. Permanent Debarment: Individuals permanently debarred or disqualified by the High Court, Union Public Service Commission, or any State Public Service Commission from examinations or selections are ineligible. 

  6. Undue Influence: Attempts to influence the recruiting authority directly or indirectly.

  7. Health and Habits: Applicants must be of sound health and active habits

  8. Bigamy: Men with more than one living wife are disqualified, as are women who knowingly marry a man with a living wife.

  9. Arrest for Moral Turpitude: Candidates arrested in connection with any crime involving moral turpitude are disqualified, even if the arrest is pending trial.

Basic Age Limit for Direct Recruitment:

Standard Age Limit: The basic eligibility criterion for direct recruitment stipulates that applicants should not have completed 35 years of age.

 

Age Relaxation
 

  1. For SC/ST, BC, and EWS:

    • The upper age limit is relaxable by 5 years for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), Backward Classes (BC), and Economically Weaker Sections (EWS). This means applicants from these categories can apply up to the age of 40.
       

  2. For Physically Disabled Persons:

    • There's a further relaxation of 10 years for applicants with locomotor disability, extending the age limit to 45 years for such candidates. 
       

  3. For Defence Service Personnel:

    • Applicants who have served in the defence services of the Indian Union receive a unique consideration: the period they spent in service is excluded when calculating their age for eligibility. 

Exam Pattern

Three Stage Examination: -

 

  1. Screening Test (Computer Based Test)

    • Format: 100 multiple choice objective type questions.

    • Marks: 100.

    • Duration: 2 hours.

    • Qualification for Next Stage: Applicants need to secure 40% and above marks. Shortlisting will be in the ratio of 1:10 of the available vacancies. In cases of identical marks, all such candidates will be called for the written examination.

    • Note: Marks obtained in the screening test are for shortlisting only and will not count towards the final merit.

  2. Written Examination

    • Structure: Consists of three papers, each worth 100 marks and lasting for 3 hours.

      • Civil Laws

      • Criminal Laws

      • English (Translation test for 25 marks and Essay Writing test for 75 marks on a legal subject; Translation is from English to Telugu and vice versa).

  3. Viva Voice (Interview)

Minimum Marks Required for Selection (Written and Interview)

 

For the selection to the position of Civil Judge (Junior Division), the minimum aggregate marks required in both the written examination and viva-voce for various categories are as follows:

  • OC/EWS (Open Competition/Economically Weaker Sections) Category: Must secure at least 60% marks in aggregate.

  • BC (Backward Class) Category: Must secure at least 55% marks in aggregate. This is in accordance with the Hon'ble High Court of Andhra Pradesh's orders.

  • SC/ST (Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes) Category: Must secure at least 50% marks in aggregate, applicable to both direct recruitment and recruitment by transfer.

Syllabus for Pre and Mains Examination

 

The examination process for selecting candidates includes a Screening Test (Preliminary Examination) and a Written Examination (Mains). Here's the detailed syllabus for both phases:

 

Screening Test (Preliminary Examination) Syllabus:

The Screening Test is a Computer Based Test consisting of 100 multiple choice objective type questions, totalling 100 marks with a duration of two hours. The test aims to short-list applicants for the written examination based on their performance. The syllabus for the Screening Test encompasses topics from both Civil Laws and Criminal Laws as listed below:

 

Civil Laws:

  1. The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908

  2. The Indian Contract Act, 1872

  3. The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955

  4. The Hindu Succession Act, 1956

  5. The Indian Easements Act, 1882

  6. The Specific Relief Act, 1963

  7. The Limitation Act, 1963

  8. The Transfer of Property Act, 1882

  9. The Civil Rules of Practice

  10. The Registration Act, 1908, and the Indian Stamp Act, 1899

  11. The A.P. Land Encroachment Act, 1905

  12. The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

 

Criminal Laws:

  1. The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973

  2. The Indian Penal Code, 1860

  3. The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

  4. The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881

  5. The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005

  6. The Criminal Rules of Practice

  7. The A.P. Excise Act, 1968

  8. The A.P. Gaming Act, 1974

  9. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015

 

Written Examination (Mains) Syllabus:
 

The Written Examination consists of three papers, each carrying 100 marks and lasting for three hours. The questions in the examinations must be answered in English (except for the translation test). The syllabus for the Written Examination is divided into three parts as follows:
 

  1. Civil Laws: The syllabus includes detailed study and understanding of the civil laws listed above.

  2. Criminal Laws: Candidates must have a comprehensive understanding of the criminal laws mentioned above.

  3. English: This paper is divided into two sections:

    • Translation Test: For 25 marks, testing the candidate's ability to translate passages from English to Telugu and Telugu to English.

    • Essay Writing Test: For 75 marks, where candidates must write an essay on a legal subject, demonstrating their understanding of legal principles and their ability to articulate them effectively.


Candidates must secure a minimum percentage of marks in both the written examination and the viva-voce (interview) to be eligible for selection, with specific percentages varying by category.

A Brief Preparation Strategy

Preparing for the Andhra Pradesh Junior Division Judiciary Examination requires a focused and systematic approach, given its comprehensive syllabus covering both Civil and Criminal Laws, along with a paper on English that includes translation and essay writing. Here are some strategies to effectively prepare for both the Preliminary (Screening Test) and Mains Examination:

Understand the Exam Pattern and Syllabus

  • Familiarize Yourself: Start by thoroughly understanding the exam pattern and syllabus. Knowing the weightage of each subject helps in prioritizing your study plan.

  • Divide the Syllabus: Break down the vast syllabus into smaller, manageable sections for both Civil and Criminal Laws.

 

Build Strong Foundations

  • Conceptual Clarity: Focus on building a strong conceptual understanding of the laws mentioned in the syllabus. Utilize standard textbooks and reference materials recommended for each subject.

  • Regular Revision: Make notes while studying and revise them regularly to reinforce your memory and understanding.

 

How to Study Civil Laws:

  • The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908: Understand the procedure followed in civil courts and principles governing the jurisdiction of courts.

  • The Indian Contract Act, 1872: Key concepts of contract law, including types of contracts, performance, and breach.

  • The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 & The Hindu Succession Act, 1956: Familiarize yourself with laws related to marriage, divorce, succession, and inheritance under Hindu law.

  • Property Laws: This includes The Transfer of Property Act, 1882, and The Indian Easements Act, 1882. Focus on the transfer of property and the rights of easements.

  • Specific Laws: Such as The Specific Relief Act, 1963, The Limitation Act, 1963, and others that deal with specific remedies, limitation periods for suits, and registration requirements.

 

How to Study Criminal Laws:

  • The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973: Study the process of criminal trials, bail, charge framing, and evidence recording.

  • The Indian Penal Code, 1860: Key offences and punishments, general exceptions, and joint liability.

  • Special Laws: Like The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881, and The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, focusing on special offences and procedural laws.

Preparation Strategy for English and Essay Paper

The English paper is divided into two parts: translation and essay writing. Here’s how to approach each:

 

Translation Test (25 marks)

  • Practice: Regularly practice translating legal passages from English to Telugu and vice versa. Focus on legal terminology and phrases commonly used in legal texts.

  • Resources: Use legal dictionaries and online resources to familiarize yourself with legal vocabulary in both languages.

 

Essay Writing Test (75 marks)

  • Understanding Legal Topics: Stay updated on current legal issues, amendments, landmark judgments, and socio-legal topics.

  • Structure and Clarity: Focus on structuring your essay with a clear introduction, body, and conclusion. Each argument should be logically presented and supported by laws, judgments, or real-life examples.

  • Writing Practice: Practice writing essays within a specified time to improve speed and coherence. Peer review of essays can be beneficial for feedback.

Prelims Question/Solution

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Mains Question/Solution

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Recommended Books

Here are short notes on each book recommended for the Judicial Service Examination and how they assist candidates in their preparation:

  1. Civil Procedure with Limitation Act, 1963 by C.K. Takwani:

    • This book provides a comprehensive understanding of civil procedure laws along with the Limitation Act, 1963.

    • It covers procedural aspects essential for civil litigation, including jurisdiction, pleadings, evidence, and execution of decrees.

    • Helps candidates grasp the procedural rules and practices crucial for handling civil cases effectively.
       

  2. Law of Contract and Specific Relief Act, 1963 by Avtar Singh:

    • Avtar Singh's book offers an in-depth analysis of the Indian Contract Act, 1872, and the Specific Relief Act, 1963.

    • It elucidates the principles of contract law, essential elements of valid contracts, and remedies available for breach of contract.

    • Provides clarity on the principles governing specific relief and the specific remedies available to parties in civil disputes.
       

  3. Hindu Law: Beyond Tradition and Modernity by Werner Menski:

    • Werner Menski's work delves into Hindu law, exploring its historical roots, traditional practices, and modern interpretations.

    • Offers insights into various aspects of Hindu family law, including marriage, succession, adoption, and maintenance.

    • Helps candidates develop a nuanced understanding of Hindu personal laws, which are crucial for adjudicating family disputes.
       

  4. Property Law in India: A Treatise on Transfer of Property Act, 1882 by Mulla:

    • Mulla's treatise provides a detailed exposition of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882, which governs property transactions in India.

    • Covers fundamental concepts such as transferability of property, conditions of transfer, and rights and liabilities of parties.

    • Equips candidates with the knowledge necessary to adjudicate property disputes and interpret property-related documents.
       

  5. Indian Evidence Act, 1872 by Ratanlal & Dhirajlal:

    • Ratanlal & Dhirajlal's book offers a thorough examination of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, which regulates the admissibility and relevancy of evidence in judicial proceedings.

    • Discusses various types of evidence, rules of admissibility, and the examination and cross-examination of witnesses.

    • Helps candidates understand the principles governing the assessment of evidence, critical for determining facts in legal disputes.
       

  6. The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 by R.V. Kelkar:

    • R.V. Kelkar's book provides a comprehensive analysis of the procedural aspects of criminal law as enshrined in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.

    • Covers various stages of criminal proceedings, including investigation, trial, and post-conviction remedies.

    • Assists candidates in understanding procedural safeguards and legal principles essential for fair and efficient criminal adjudication.
       

  7. Textbook on The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 by Avtar Singh:

    • Avtar Singh's textbook offers a detailed study of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881, which governs negotiable instruments such as promissory notes, bills of exchange, and cheques.

    • Discusses the rights and obligations of parties involved in negotiable instrument transactions and mechanisms for enforcement.

    • Equips candidates with knowledge of commercial law essential for adjudicating disputes related to negotiable instruments.
       

  8. Legal Language, Legal Writing, and General English by N.R. Madhava Menon:

    • N.R. Madhava Menon's book focuses on developing the language and writing skills necessary for effective legal communication.

    • Covers legal vocabulary, drafting techniques, and principles of effective communication in legal writing.

    • Helps candidates enhance their communication skills, enabling them to express legal concepts clearly and persuasively in written form.
       

  9. Legal Essays and Moots by S.C. Sarkar:

    • S.C. Sarkar's book provides guidance on essay writing and moot court competitions, allowing candidates to practice articulating legal arguments and opinions.

    • Offers insights into structuring legal essays, analyzing legal issues, and presenting arguments cogently.

    • Helps candidates hone their analytical and advocacy skills, which are essential for success in judicial service examinations and legal practice.

FAQ

1. What are the eligibility criteria for the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge exam?

 

To be eligible for the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge exam, candidates must possess a Bachelor of Laws degree from a recognized university and be enrolled as an advocate. They should also be between 23 to 35 years of age, with relaxation for certain categories.

2. How can I apply for the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge examination?

Applicants can apply for the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge examination through the official website of the Andhra Pradesh High Court. They need to fill out the online application form, pay the required fee, and submit necessary documents.

3. What is the syllabus for the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge exam?

The syllabus for the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge exam typically covers topics such as Civil Law, Criminal Law, General Knowledge, and English. Detailed syllabus is available here.

 

4. What is the exam pattern for the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge examination?

The Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge examination usually consists of three stages: Preliminary Examination, Main Examination, and Viva Voce. The Preliminary Exam is objective type, while the Main Exam and Viva Voce are subjective.

 

5. Are there any age limits for applicants to the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge exam?

Yes, applicants for the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge exam must be between 23 to 35 years of age. However, there are relaxations for certain categories as per government norms. More Detail

 

6. How many stages are there in the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge selection process?

 

The Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge selection process typically consists of three stages: Preliminary Examination, Main Examination, and Viva Voce (Interview).

7. Can candidates from other states apply for the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge exam?

 

Generally, candidates from other states are eligible to apply for the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge exam but they must know official language of state, i.e telegu as it's specific to the state's judiciary.

8. What are the tips for passing the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge preliminary examination?

Focus on understanding the basics of law, practice previous years' question papers, and manage time effectively during the exam. Read Detailed Strategy

9.How is the final merit list for the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge exam prepared?

The final merit list for the Andhra Pradesh Civil Judge exam is prepared based on the candidate's performance in the Main Examination and Viva Voce. The marks obtained in both stages are considered for final selection.

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