top of page

False or Malicious Complaint

False or Malicious Complaint
False or Malicious Complaint



To safeguard against the misuse of protections afforded by the Prevention of Sexual Harassment (POSH) Act, specific measures have been incorporated to address frivolous or malicious complaints. These measures aim to maintain the integrity of the complaints process while discouraging any abuse of the system.

Disciplinary Actions for False or Malicious Complaints

Under the provisions of the POSH Act, if an Internal Committee (IC) or Local Committee (LC) determines that a complaint is false, malicious, or knowingly misrepresented, disciplinary action can be initiated against the complainant. The nature of disciplinary action may vary depending on organizational service rules or, in their absence, as outlined by the statute.


Types of Disciplinary Actions

  • Written Apology: The complainant may be required to issue a formal written apology acknowledging the nature of the false or malicious complaint.

  • Warning: A formal warning may be issued to alert the complainant about the seriousness of lodging baseless complaints.

  • Reprimand: The complainant may face a formal reprimand for their actions, highlighting the impact of false or malicious complaints on organizational integrity.

  • Censure: In more severe cases, a stronger form of reprimand may be administered to highlight the seriousness of the misconduct.

  • Withholding of Promotion or Pay Rise: Any scheduled promotions or pay rises for the complainant may be withheld as a consequence of their misconduct.

  • Termination of Employment: In cases of egregious misconduct, termination of employment may be considered as a necessary disciplinary measure.

  • Counseling Session: The complainant may be required to undergo counseling to address underlying issues contributing to the lodging of false or malicious complaints.

  • Community Service: As an alternative disciplinary action, the complainant may be assigned community service to emphasize accountability and rehabilitation.

Determining the Nature of Complaints

It is crucial to note that the inability to substantiate a complaint or provide sufficient proof does not automatically categorize it as false or malicious. The determination of a complaint's nature is made by the IC or LC based on evidence and circumstances specific to each case. This provision aims to balance the protection of genuine complainants with the deterrence of false or malicious complaints.


1 view0 comments

Recent Posts

See All

Complaint and Inquiry

Content:- Complaint Conciliation Process Inquiry into Complaints Action During Inquiry Inquiry Report Interim Reliefs Punishment and Compensation Complaint Filing a Complaint of Sexual Harassment Sect


bottom of page